I did not see them at the station because Mary and Samantha arrived at the bus station before noon.
After they left on the bus, Mary and Samantha realized that Joe was waiting at the train station.
Tip If you rely heavily on compound sentences in an essay, you should consider revising some of them into complex sentences explained below.
The train subject, was verb
Periodic sentences can be especially effective because the completed thought occurs at the end of it, so the first part of the sentence can build up to the meaning that comes at the end.Beginning Sentences with And or Because
I subject, looked verb
The short answer is no. You should avoid beginning a sentence with and, or, but, or the other coordinating conjunctions. These words generally are used to join together parts of a sentence, not to begin a new sentence.
Tip If you use many simple sentences in an essay, you should consider revising some of the sentences into compound or complex sentences explained below.
Examples ofcompound sentencesinclude the following
The use of compound subjects, compound verbs, prepositional phrases such as at the bus station, and other elements help lengthen simple sentences, but simple sentences often are short. The use of too many simple sentences can make writing choppy and can prevent the writing from flowing smoothly.
When the independent clause comes first, a comma should
Simple, Compound, and Complex Sentencesfrom the Writing Center at Texas A M
Perhaps some students are told not to begin a sentence with because to avoid sentence fragments something like Because Mary and Samantha arrived at the bus station before noon is a sentence fragment, but it is perfectly acceple to begin a sentence with because as long as the sentence is complete as in Because Mary and Samantha arrived at the bus station before noon, I did not see them at the station.Watch It!
Acompound sentencerefers to a sentence made up of two independent clauses or complete sentences connected to one another with acoordinating conjunction. Coordinating conjunctions are easy to remember if you think of the words FAN BOYS
While he waited at the train station, Joe realized that the train was late.
There is nothing wrong with beginning a sentence with because.
Asimple sentencehas the most basic elements that make it a sentence a subject, a verb, and a completed thought.
Acomplex sentenceis made up of an independent clause and one or moredependent clausesconnected to it. A dependent clause is similar to an independent clause, or complete sentence, but it lacks one of the elements that would make it a complete sentence.
Mary and Samantha compound subject, took verb
Examples ofdependent clausesinclude the following
When the dependent clause comes first, a comma should be used to separate the two clauses.
Conversely, the independent clauses can go first in the sentence, followed by the dependent clause, as in the following
Because Mary and Samantha arrived at the bus station before noon, I did not see them at the station.
Dependent clauses begin withsubordinating conjunctions. Below are some of the most common subordinating conjunctions
Dependent clauses such as those abovecannotstand alone as a sentence, but they can be added to an independent clause to form a complex sentence.
However, such sentences can be used effectively. Because sentences beginning with these words stand out, they are sometimes used for emphasis. If you use sentences beginning with one of the coordinating conjunctions, you should use these sentences sparingly and carefully.
Complex sentences are often more effective than compound sentences because a complex sentence indicates clearer and more specific relationships between the main parts of the sentence. The word before, for instance, tells readers that one thing occurs before another. A word such as although conveys a more complex relationship than a word such as and conveys.The termperiodic sentenceis used to refer to a complex sentence beginning with a dependent clause and ending with an independent clause, as in While he waited at the train station, Joe realized that the train was late.
Mary and Samantha realized that Joe was waiting at the train station after they left on the bus.
Examples ofsimple sentencesinclude the following
The most effective writing uses a variety of the sentence s explained below.
Clearer and more specific relationships can be eslished through the use of complex sentences.
A common weakness in writing is the lack of varied sentences. Becoming aware of three general s of sentencessimple, compound, and complexcan help you vary the sentences in your writing.
A simple sentence can also be referred to as anindependent clause. It is referred to as independent because, while it might be part of a compound or complex sentence, it can also stand by itself as a complete sentence.
A complex sentence joins an independent clause with one or more dependent clauses.
Coordinating conjunctions are useful for connecting sentences, but compound sentences often are overused. While coordinating conjunctions can indicate some of relationship between the two independent clauses in the sentence, they sometimes do not indicate much of a relationship. The word and, for example, only adds one independent clause to another, without indicating how the two parts of a sentence are logically related. Too many compound sentences that use and can weaken writing.
Should you begin a sentence with and or but or one of the other coordinating conjunctions?
Joe subject, waited verb
The dependent clauses can go first in the sentence, followed by the independent clause, as in the following
Joe realized that the train was late while he waited at the train station.